Python Libraries Data Scientists Should Know in 2022

Let’s have a look at the Python libraries that every data scientist should know in 2022, to maintain and improve their coding journey.



As more people enter the tech world trying to tackle Data Scientists, Data Analysts, Machine Learning Engineer roles, and more; the programming language Python becomes more popular. Due to its simplified syntax, the Python language is known to be one of the most accessible programming languages available.

As Data Science becomes more popular, there are new libraries that are being released to help solve the challenges faced in Data Science. It can be very overwhelming to learn the ins and outs of libraries; however, there are some that are vital to our learning.
Below are Python libraries that every Data Scientist should know in 2022, to maintain and improve their coding journey. 

 

Pandas

 

python_libraries_data_scientists_know_2022
Source: Wikipedia

 

Pandas was created by Wes McKinney in 2008, as a Python library for data manipulation and analysis. Wes McKinney built Pandas based on their need for a powerful and flexible analysis tool. 

Pandas can deal with:

  • Handling missing data (represented as NaN)
  • Flexible reshaping and pivoting of datasets
  • Indexing, manipulation, renaming, merging, and joining of datasets
  • Time series-specific functionality
  • and much more

Core Task: Data Manipulation and Analysis

How to install Pandas: Pandas Installation 

pip install pandas


 

Get the Book: Python for Data Analysis by Wes McKinney

 

NumPy

 

python_libraries_data_scientists_know_2022
Source: Wikipedia

 

NumPy is another library used for Python, which is used for mathematical functions. It is popular in processing multidimensional array objects, and various derived objects (such as masked arrays and matrices) and is mostly used in machine learning computations. The software includes linear algebra, Fourier transform, and matrix calculation functions. 

NumPy can deal with:

  • Array operations such as add, multiply, cut, sort, index
  • Working with linear algebra
  • Basic slicing and advanced indexing in Numpy Python
  • Adding/Removing/Sorting Elements

Core Task: Processing arrays, using mathematical functions

How to install NumPy: NumPy Installation

pip install numpy


 

SciPy

 

python_libraries_data_scientists_know_2022
Source: SciPy

 

SciPy stands for Scientific Python. SciPy is a free and open-source Python library, which is a collection of mathematical algorithms and functions built mainly on the NumPy extension of Python. 

SciPy:

  • Can manipulate and visualize data
  • contains a variety of sub-packages that help to solve the most common challenges and problems related to scientific computation.
  • Can deal with linear algebra, integration, ordinary differential equations, calculus, and signal processing
  • Is easy to use and understand and has a fast computational power.
  • It can operate on an array of NumPy libraries.

Core Task: Solve scientific and mathematical problems

How to install SciPy: SciPy Installation

pip install scipy

conda install scipy


 

 

Matplotlib

 

python_libraries_data_scientists_know_2022
Source: GitHub

 

Matplotlib is a numerical extension of NumPy, which is a cross-platform, data visualization and graphical plotting library for Python. It is used in conjunction with NumPy to provide an effective environment that is an open-source alternative for MatLab. 

Matplotlib can:

  • Create quality plots of data.
  • Create Line charts, Scatter charts, Bar charts and histograms, Pie charts, Stem plots, Spectrograms
  • Make interactive figures that can zoom in and out, pan, and update.
  • Customize the style and layout of the visualisation.
  • Export to different file formats

Core Task: Creating static, animated, and/or interactive visualizations in Python
How to install Matplotlib: Matplotlib Installation

pip install matplotlib

conda install matplotlib


 

GitHub: Matplotlib
Tutorials: Matplotlib tutorials 

Books for further reading:

 

Seaborn

 

python_libraries_data_scientists_know_2022

 

Seaborn is a library that has been built on top of matplotlib and is closely integrated with pandas data structures. It provides a high-level interface for drawing attractive and informative statistical graphs using its plotting functions to help you further explore and understand your data. 

Seaborn can:

  • Create Scatter Plot. Histogram, Bar Plot, Box and Whiskers Plot, and more
  • show a linear relationship between two or three data points
  • ​​comfortably handle Pandas’ data frames more than matplotlib
  • Perform semantic mapping and statistical aggregation to produce informative plots.

Core Task: Making statistical graphics in Python

How to install Seaborn: Seaborn Installation

pip install seaborn

conda install seaborn


 

Scikit-learn

 

python_libraries_data_scientists_know_2022
Source: Wikipedia

 

Scikit-learn is a free software machine learning library, that contains effective tools for machine learning and statistical modeling such as classification, regression, clustering, and dimensionality reduction.

The main benefits of sci-kit learn are that it is open-source, easy to use, properly documented, and versatile used.

Scikit-learn can be used in:

  • Supervised learning and Unsupervised learning
  • Clustering and Dimensionality Reduction
  • Ensemble methods
  • Cross-validation
  • Feature extraction and selection

Core Task: Machine learning and statistical modeling

How to install Sci-kit Learn: Sci-kit Learn Installation

pip install scikit-learn


 

Further reading:

 

TensorFlow

 

python_libraries_data_scientists_know_2022
Source: Wikipedia

 

TensorFlow was built by the Google Brain Team and is an open-source library for deep learning applications. Tensorflow also makes it easy to build deep learning models by helping developers create large-scale neural networks with many layers using data flow graphs.

TensorFlow can/have been used on:

  • Voice and sound recognition
  • Sentiment analysis, classifying texts
  • Text applications such as Google Translate, Gmail, and more. 
  • Facial recognition such as Facebook Deep Face, Photo tagging, and more

Core Task: Develop and train models using Python

How to install TensorFlow: TensorFlow Installation

pip install tensorflow


 

Books for further reading:

 
 
Nisha Arya is a Data Scientist and Freelance Technical Writer. She is particularly interested in providing Data Science career advice or tutorials and theory-based knowledge around Data Science. She also wishes to explore the different ways Artificial Intelligence is/can benefit the longevity of human life. A keen learner, seeking to broaden her tech knowledge and writing skills, whilst helping guide others.